U.S. President Joe Biden on Thursday announced new sanctions on Russia after its invasion of Ukraine, saying that Russian leader Vladimir Putin “chose this war” and his country would bear the consequences.
The sanctions target Russian banks, oligarchs and high-tech sectors, Biden said.
The United States and its allies will block assets of four large Russian banks, impose export controls and sanction oligarchs.
Biden had on Tuesday announced first tranche of sanctions on Russia, following its decision to recognise the independence of certain areas of Ukraine’s Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
The U.S. President announced the sanctions at the White House, as Ukraine’s government reported mounting casualties inflicted by Russian forces attacking from the east, north and south.
“The sanctions measures impose severe costs on Russia’s largest financial institutions and will further isolate Russia from the global financial system.
“With today’s financial sanctions, we have now targeted all ten of Russia’s largest financial institutions, including the imposition of full blocking and correspondent and payable-through account sanctions, and debt and equity restrictions, on institutions holding nearly 80 per cent of Russian banking sector assets.
“The unprecedented export control measures will cut off more than half of Russia’s high-tech imports, restricting Russia’s access to vital technological inputs, atrophying its industrial base, and undercutting Russia’s strategic ambitions to exert influence on the world stage,’’ he said.
According to him, the impact of these measures will be significantly magnified due to historical multilateral cooperation with a wide range of allies and partners who are mirroring our actions, inhibiting Putin’s ambition to diversify Russia’s brittle, one-dimensional economy.
“The scale of Putin’s aggression and the threat it poses to the international order require a resolute response, and we will continue imposing severe costs if he does not change course.’’
The U.S. leader said that Russia’s economy had already faced intensified pressures in recent weeks, noting that “just today, its stock market sank to its lowest level in four and half years”.
With these new stringent measures, Biden said that these pressures would further accumulate and suppress Russia’s economic growth, increase its borrowing costs, raise inflation, intensify capital outflows and erode its industrial base.
“The United States and our allies and partners are unified and will continue to impose costs, forcing Putin to look to other countries that cannot replicate the financial and technology strengths of Western markets.’’
He said that the U.S. would be deploying additional forces to Germany to bolster NATO after the invasion of Ukraine, which is not a member of the defence organisation. Approximately 7,000 additional U.S. troops will be sent.
Biden said that Putin’s threatening actions and now, his unprovoked aggression toward Ukraine, were being met with an unprecedented level of multilateral cooperation.
He said that the U.S. welcomed the commitments by Australia, Canada, the European Union, Japan and the United Kingdom.
“They would also take similarly forceful actions to hold Russia accountable – demonstrating the strength of our partnerships and deepening the impact on Russia more than any action we could have taken alone.
“This follows our joint action earlier this week to impose a first tranche of severe sanctions on Russia,’’ he said.
Biden spoke hours after holding a virtual meeting with the leaders of Britain, Canada, France, Italy and Japan.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, European Council President Charles Michel and NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg also joined the meeting.
The president also met with his national security team in the White House Situation Room, as he looked to flesh out U.S. moves in the rapidly escalating crisis.